SHOTLIST:IMAGES - 03:58LISBON, PORTUGAL. 8 AUGUST 2014SOURCE: AFPTV - WS of people at ATM at Banco Espirito Santo- MS of people at ATM at Banco Espirito Santo- CU sign of Banco Espirito Santo- MS of Portuguese flag flying ATHENS, GREECE, 29 JANUARY 2015 SOURCE: AFPTV- MS National Bank of Greece- MS customer using ATM at National Bank of Greece-WS Piraeus Bank- MS customer using ATM at Piraeus Bank - WS Bank of Greece- MS Bank of Greece signMILAN, ITALY. 11 JULY 2011SOURCE: AFPTV-MS Italian bank-MS branch of Banca Intesa Sanpaolo-WS woman at a Barclays ATMPARIS, FRANCE. SEPT, NOV, DEC 2010SOURCE: AFPTV-WS branch of BNP Paribas-MS branch of BNP Paribas-WS branch of LCL-WS LCL ATMs-WS branch of La Banque Postale-WS La Banque Postale ATM-MS La Banque Postale logo-MS Société Générale logo-WS branch of Société GénéraleFRANKFURT, GERMANY. 10 JUNE 2011SOURCE: AFPTV-WS inside Frankfurt Stock Exchange trading room-MS Frankfurt Stock Exchange trading room-MS DAX logo-CU various rates at Frankfurt Stock ExchangeMADRID, SPAIN. 17 MARCH 2016SOURCE: AFPTV-WS outside Madrid Stock Exchange-MS entrance of Madrid Stock Exchange-WS inside Madrid Stock Exchange-WS various rates at Madrid Stock Exchange-CU various rates at Madrid Stock ExchangeMILAN, ITALY. UNKNOWN DATESOURCE: AFPTV-PAN outside Milan Stock Exchange-MS entrance of Milan Stock Exchange-MS entrance of Milan Stock Exchange-WS outside Milan Stock Exchange with a work of art in the foreground-MS outside Milan Stock Exchange with a work of art in the foregroundLONDON, UK. 1 MAY 2013SOURCE: AFPTV - WS of interior of London Stock Exchange- MS of ticker showing share prices at London Stock ExchangeLONDON, UK. 28 AND 30 APRIL 2015SOURCE: AFPTV-WS exterior of Bank of England- CU of Bank Underground station FRANKFURT, GERMANY. 14 JANUARY 2015SOURCE: AFPTV-PAN European central bank headquarters FRANKFURT, GERMANY. NOVEMBER 2011SOURCE: ECBNO RESALE-WS production of 1 euro coins-CU production of 1 euro coins-MS production of 1 euro coins-PAN production of 10 cents coinsFRANKFURT, GERMANY. 24 FEBRUARY 2015SOURCE: EBSNO RESALE- CU of security feature of new 20 euro note - CU of security thread being produced - MS of blank paper with security thread - CU of new 20 euro banknotes being printed- MS of banknotes being taken out of printer- CU of worker checking banknote features- CU of worker checking banknote features- CU of banknotes being cut- CU of banknotes being packed into boxFRANKFURT, GERMANY. 2016SOURCE: EBSNO RESALE - CU of new 50 euro note in production- CU of new 50 euro note- CU of new security feature- CU of new banknotes- CU of banknotes being printed - MS of sheets of banknotes being printed- CU of sheets of banknotes being printed///----------------------------AFP RELATED TEXT STORYMassive tax scam cost Europe 55 bln euros: reportFrankfurt am Main (Hessen, Germany) - 18 October 2018 09:40 - AFP - 1A421L A gigantic years-long tax scam saw banks drain 55 billion euros ($63 billion) from national treasuries in Europe, a far larger sum than previously thought, media from across the continent reported Thursday.The so-called 'cum-ex' deals relied on complex tax trickery that allowed owners of shares to claim several times over refunds for tax paid only once on dividend payouts -- effectively syphoning off taxpayers' money into investors' pockets.So far estimates of the damage had ranged from 5.3 billion euros according to the German finance ministry to 30 billion, according to press reports.But a joint investigation by European media outlets has concluded that at least 55.2 billion euros were stolen from 11 countries: Germany, France, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, Denmark, Belgium, Austria, Finland, Norway and Switzerland.Reportedly conceived by well-known German lawyer Hanno Berger, the cum-ex method relies on several investors buying and reselling shares in a company amongst themselves around the day when the firm pays out its dividend.The stock changes hands so quickly that the tax authorities are unable to identify who is the true owner.Working together, the investors can claim multiple rebates for tax paid on the dividend and share out the profits amongst themselves -- with the treasury footing the bill.The cum-ex scandal first exploded in Germany in 2012, with six criminal investigations opened and a trial against Berger and several stock market traders.Thursday's investigation, led by investigative journalism website Correctiv and drawing in big-name outlets like German public broadcaster ARD and French newspaper Le Monde, calculates the damage to each country involved.In Germany, investors spirited away 31.8 billion euros, according to calculations by University of Mannheim tax specialist professor Christoph Spengel.Meanwhile French taxpayers lost out to the tune of 'at least 17 billion euros', Italians 4.5 billion, Danes 1.7 billion and Belgians 201 million.